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The Masters and Servants Act No 15 ofwhich subjugated black workers, the Mines and Works Act No 12 ofwhich kept black people out of skilled occupations in the most significant sector of the economy at the time, the Natives Land Act No 27 ofwhich etched racial segregation onto the land, and the absurd Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act No 55 of all illustrate the ferocious efforts of colonial and apartheid law to keep South Africa separate and unequal.
With the fall of apartheid, the country began its journey towards a constitutional, democratic order. The Constitution, the supreme law of the land, was adopted in In Section 1, the Constitution enshrines respect for human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms.
The Constitution recognises that equality will not be achieved merely by a declaration of formal equality before the law.
Rather, there will necessarily be a process, of uncertain duration, during which human rights and freedoms will be advanced, guided by the fundamental value of human dignity. The Bill of Rights spells out a range of fundamental rights, including second-generation socioeconomic rights that promote equal life chances.
Sincea substantial body of new laws has emerged from all levels of government to fulfil the mandate presented by the Constitution. This great effort has created new institutions, repealed some old exclusionary arrangements and changed the lived experience of many South Africans.
More still needs to be done to change the course of society towards inclusive development. In its Legacy Report, the Fourth Democratic Parliament identified the assessment of the impact of legislation as a key priority to be undertaken by the Fifth Democratic Parliament.
After an extensive process of multiparty consultation, both Houses of Parliament adopted the Parliamentary Strategic Plan — in February This Strategic Plan identified a review of the impact of legislation as being of paramount importance to improve the governance practices of Parliament.
In other words, this intervention entails the identification of existing legislation that enables the transformational agenda and pursuit of the developmental state, as well as laws that impede this goal.
These were constituted as follows: It also commissioned reports from experts and senior researchers on selected topics. In addition, small consultation round tables and workshops were held to delve deeper into certain issues. The substantial record that has been generated by this work is available online.
Has the legislative output of the post-apartheid state been equal to the challenges already entrenched in society? The evidence presented shows that the ills of the past are being reproduced in post-apartheid society, despite extensive legislative reform.
In answering this question, it is important to note that the evidence also highlights some improvements in outcomes. For example, the mortality rate of children under five has improved, as has access to education Stats SA, But the observed changes have not dented the deep inequities in the quality of services received in many instances, nor have they made fundamental shifts in outcomes as seen in evidence presented in the report.
The recommendations presented here, which cover specific legislation and the state of execution and governance, offer some direction in relation to how to bring about accelerated change in relation to poverty and inequality, land reform and social cohesion and nation-building.
In some instances, the legislative interventions recommended by the Panel are specific and urgent, to address urgent societal problems, or because the Panel has identified problems with Bills that are currently before Parliament. In other instances, the Panel recommends integrated process-based approaches to cross-cutting, deeply embedded problems such as the legacy of spatial inequality.
Poverty, unemployment and the equitable distribution of wealth Despite a progressive Constitution that guarantees a range of socioeconomic and related rights, redistributive fiscal policies, and an extensive social safety net, poverty, unemployment and inequality the triple challenge remain deeply etched in South African society.
The pace of land reform has been slow. The development of policy and law has drifted away from its initial pro-poor stance and lacks a vision for inclusive agrarian reform.Ageing and Care of Older Persons in Southern Africa: Lesotho and Zimbabwe Compared.
Jotham Dhemba, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work; National University of Lesotho Bennadate Dhemba, Formerly Department of Social Services, Harare.
Introduction. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs observes that the population of the world is ageing rapidly . There are a great number of explanations for underdevelopment and concepts of development. This paper tries to introduce the reader to the most important theoretical explanations of underdevelopment and development without aiming at completeness.
Challenges Facing the Developing Countries What are the causes of underdevelopment, and how may they be overcome? 36W.2 Impediments to Economic Here we examine a number of possible impediments.
Resources A country’s supply of natural resources is important. A country with infertile land and. Saleh Younis (SAAY) has been writing about Eritrea since when he published "Eritrean Exponent", a quarterly print journal.
His writing has been published in several media outlets including Dehai, Eritrean Studies Review, Visafric, Asmarino and, of course, Awate where his column has appeared since the launch of the website in Major causes of inflation in Zimbabwe and southern africa in general and (possible solutions) Words | 7 Pages.
services pass the increases in the costs of production to their customers and this is reflected in the price increases. "We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing" By Konstantin Josef Jireček, a Czech historian, diplomat and slavist.