Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two.
His father was active in Republican politics, an investor in the railroad, and was a newspaper editor and publisher.
His mother taught school. He earned his Ph.
Turner did not publish extensively; his influence came from tersely expressed interpretive theories published in articleswhich influenced his hundreds of disciples. Two theories in particular were influential, the " Frontier Thesis " and the "Sectional Hypothesis".
Although he published little, he did more research than almost anyone and had an encyclopedic knowledge of American history, earning a reputation by as one of the two or three most influential historians in the country. He proved adept at promoting his ideas and his students, whom he systematically placed in leading universities, including Merle Curti and Marcus Lee Hansen.
He circulated copies of his essays and lectures to important scholars and literary figures, published extensively in highbrow magazines, recycled favorite material, attaining the largest possible audience for key concepts, and wielded considerable influence within the American Historical Association as an officer and advisor for the American Historical Review.
His emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. In Turner was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society and in he was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
His The Frontier in American History was a collection of older essays. As a professor of history at Wisconsin — and Harvard —Turner trained scores of disciples who in turn dominated American history programs throughout the country.
His model of sectionalism as a composite of social forces, such as ethnicity and land ownership, gave historians the tools to use social history as the foundation of all social, economic and political developments in American history. At the American Historical Associationhe collaborated with J.
Franklin Jameson on numerous major projects.
They complained that he celebrated too much the egalitarianism and democracy of a frontier that was rough on women and minorities. He represents a type of historian who rests his case on documents and general impression rather than a scientist who goes out for to see.Frederick Jackson Turner, (born November 14, , Portage, Wisconsin, U.S.—died March 14, , San Marino, California), American historian best known for the “frontier thesis.” The single most influential interpretation of the American past, it proposed that the distinctiveness of the United.
FRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'SFRONTIER THESIS, TURNER'S. Frederick Jackson Turner's "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" is arguably one of the most influential interpretations of the American past ever espoused. Source for information on Frontier Thesis, Turner's: Dictionary of American History dictionary.
The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that the origin of the distinctive egalitarian, democratic, aggressive, and innovative features of the American character has been the American frontier experience.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that American democracy was formed by the American frontier.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. Frederick Jackson Turner's essay, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," written in , is perhaps the most influential essay ever read at the American Historical Association's annual conference.
In the years since it was delivered, it has become part of the standard historiography of American History, spawned a massive following of "Turnerians" both in and out of the. Frederick Jackson Turner, (born November 14, , Portage, Wisconsin, U.S.—died March 14, , San Marino, California), American historian best known for the “frontier thesis.” The single most influential interpretation of the American past, it proposed that the distinctiveness of the United.