Seward History will assign to Gouverneur Morris the merit of first suggesting a direct and continuous communication from Lake Erie to the Hudson. In he announced this idea from the shore of the Niagara River to a friend in Europe, in the following enthusiastic language: Shall I lead your astonishlnent to the verge of incredulity? Know then that one-tenth part of the expense borne by Britain in the last campaign would enable ships to sail from London through the Hudson into Lake Erie.
Discussions surrounding such a canal had been going on for a long time and the War of caused many observers to back the canal as a means of preventing a Canadian monopoly on Great Lakes traffic. At the urging of supporters of the canal idea, De Witt Clinton took the lead in promoting its development in With the War of the primary preoccupation at the time, supporters were obliged to wait until to mass their efforts again.
Clinton wrote a careful exposition of the costs and benefits of the canal. Governor Clinton finally succeeded in persuading the New York legislature to pass the canal bill in It was not until the major digging and earthmoving equipment started to work that the public began to realize that the canal was a construction marvel of its day.
The first section was finished inand the first boat entered the canal from the Hudson River at Albany in On its completion in the fall ofa gala celebration accompanied the trip from Buffalo to Albany, and downriver to New York City, which concluded with the pouring of a barrel of Lake Erie water into the Atlantic.
Clinton's Ditch was a triumph. Toll revenue amounted to close to a million dollars in the first year alone and provided New York with a surplus for many years. It also reduced tremendously the cost of transporting bulk produce from the West, and gave access for Easterners wishing to migrate West.
Towns sprang up along its path and minor cities became major metropolises on its account. Only four feet deep and 40 feet wide at first, the canal could buoy up 30 tons of freight.
The canal also was dug more deeply to accommodate larger boats. Even though it was only 12 to 14 feet deep, the canal could hold barges of more than 3, tons.
The canal's use was diminished by competition from the less expensive railroad, and is used mainly by recreational boaters today.Nov 15, · Erie Canal, historic waterway of the United States, connecting the Great Lakes with New York City via the Hudson River at Albany.
Taking advantage of the Mohawk River gap in the Appalachian Mountains, the Erie Canal, miles ( km) long, was the first canal in the United States to connect western waterways with the Atlantic Ocean.
Construction began in and was completed in Lake Erie (/ ˈ ɪər i /) is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.
It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence webkandii.com its deepest point Lake Erie is .
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Support the rides that help support this Calendar! Tours are . The Erie Canal, which linked the waters of Lake Erie and the Hudson River, was completed in Discussions surrounding such a canal had been going on for a long time and the War of caused many observers to back the canal as a means of preventing a Canadian monopoly on Great Lakes traffic.