Roman Jakobson, Language in Literature p.
The term stylistics is employed in a variety of senses by different linguists. In its widest interpretation it is understood to deal with every kind of synchronic variation in language other than what can be ascribed to differences of regional dialect.
At its narrowest… Style has been an object of study from ancient times. Aristotle, Cicero, Demetrius, and Quintilian treated style as the proper adornment of Topics in stylistics.
In this view, which prevailed throughout the Renaissance period, devices of style can be catalogued. Modern stylistics uses the tools of formal linguistic analysis coupled with the methods of literary criticism; its goal is to try to isolate characteristic uses and functions of language and rhetoric rather than advance normative or prescriptive rules and patterns.
The traditional idea of style as something properly added to thoughts contrasts with the ideas that derive from Charles Bally —the Swiss philologist, and Leo Spitzer —the Austrian literary critic.
This theory emphasizes the relation between style and linguisticsas does the theory of Edward Sapirwho talked about literature that is form-based Algernon Charles Swinburne, Paul VerlaineHorace, Catullus, Virgil, and much of Latin literature and literature that is content-based Homer, Plato, Dante, William Shakespeare and the near untranslatability of the former.
Here the predominance of the stronger primary and secondary stresses creates the drawn-out interminable effect. Style is also seen as a mark of character. An experienced writer is able to rely on the power of his habitual choices of sounds, words, and syntactic patterns to convey his personality or fundamental outlook.
Twentieth-century work on stylistics, particularly in Britain by such scholars as Roger Fowler and M. Hallidaylooked at relationships between social, contextual, and formal linguistic analysis.
There were also attempts, as in the work of Stanley Fish and Barbara Herrnstein Smith from the s and s, to interrogate the logical assumptions underlying stylistics.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The topics in this lesson can be applied to a variety of texts and will encourage stylistic analysis. Words and Sentences Here, you will find topics that orient students toward analyzing word.
Lucas, Nadine. Stylistic devices in news, as related to topic recognition. Texts and Minds: Papers in Cognitive Poetics and Rhetoric, ed. by A. Kwiatkowska, ‐ Dec 17, · of Studies of Stylistics and Rhetoric LIYao Abstract: Stylistics is a scientific study of style.
It is a new branch of linguistics. Rhetoric is the art or science of the communication in words. In general, stylistics is a discipline that studies the ways in which language is used; it is a discipline that studies the styles of language in use.
However, rhetoric is the scientific study of how language could be employed . Stylistics, a branch of applied linguistics, is the study and interpretation of texts of all types and/or spoken language in regard to their linguistic and tonal style, where style is the particular variety of language used by different individuals and/or in different situations or settings.
Stylistics, study of the devices in languages (such as rhetorical figures and syntactical patterns) that are considered to produce expressive or literary style. The Stylistics are a Philadelphia soul group that achieved its greatest chart success in the s. They formed in , consisting of singers Russell Thompk.